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Charles-Théodore Frère

Paysages du Couchant et du Levant

1850–1880

Charles-Théodore Frère (21 June 1814, Paris – 24 March 1888) was a French Orientalist painter. Painter of historical subjects, genre scenes, local scenes, landscapes (with figures) and seascapes; watercolourist and draughtsman. Orientalist.

The son of a Paris music publisher, Frère studied at the École des Beaux-Arts under Jules Coignet and Camille Roqueplan. On completing his studies, he travelled throughout France visiting Alsace, Auvergne and Normandy. One of the painter‘s earliest drawings, maybe it‘s even the earliest drawing, he did with pencil on paper - showing a rural french landscape with an old farm, entitled „Schlettstadt 1833“. Since 1920 this town in Alsace is called Sélestat.

On returning to Paris, he exhibited Vue des Environs de Strasbourg at the 1834 Paris Salon. His exhibits at the Salon in subsequent years were nearly all Orientalist paintings as a result of several journeys to Africa and the Near East. Charles Théodore Frère exhibited at the Paris Salon from 1834 to 1881, participated in the Expositions Universelles of 1855, 1867 and 1878 in Paris and, up to and including 1887, in the Salon des Artistes Français. He was awarded medals in 1848 and in 1865.

After a stay in Algiers in 1836, he left with the army for Constantine which was taken on 13 October 1837, returning to Paris in 1839. Like his younger brother Pierre-Édouard, he was a prolific painter. During his first trip to Algeria, he completed works for the King of Württemberg. Around 1851, he undertook a further journey to the Near East, visiting Malta, Greece, Egypt and Turkey becoming one of the few artists to paint Beirut, Damascus and Palmyra. In 1853, he established a studio in Cairo, becoming the court painter there. The viceroy of Egypt elevated him to the rank of bey.

In 1869, he once again travelled to the Egypt, now as a member of Empress Eugénie‘s party, for the opening of the Suez Canal. She commissioned a series of watercolours which could not be delivered to her owing to the 1870 Franco-Prussian War. Instead they were given to her friend and pupil, the Marquis of Puisaye.

Paysages du Couchant et du Levant
A caravan at rest, the Temple of Karnak, Thebes in the distance, Undated
Paysages du Couchant et du Levant
A desert encampment, Egypt, Undated
Paysages du Couchant et du Levant
Outside the city, Undated
Paysages du Couchant et du Levant
Camel caravans in Thèbes, Undated
Paysages du Couchant et du Levant
Vue de L'Ile de Philae, Nubie, Undated
Paysages du Couchant et du Levant
Ruins of Luxor, Undated
Paysages du Couchant et du Levant
Vue genérale du Caire, arrivé de Bédouins, Undated
Paysages du Couchant et du Levant
Crépuscule, vue prise à Djergeh, Undated
Paysages du Couchant et du Levant
Le Désert de Libye, Undated
Paysages du Couchant et du Levant
A Bedouin encampment surrounded by ruins, Undated
Paysages du Couchant et du Levant
Vue de Jérusalem, par la porte de Damas, Undated
Paysages du Couchant et du Levant
Grande caravane de La Mecque, Undated
Paysages du Couchant et du Levant
Le Nil, Égypte, 1877
Paysages du Couchant et du Levant
Jerusalem from the Mount of Olives, 1880
Paysages du Couchant et du Levant
Halte de la caravane, Undated
Location: Mediterranean Basin
Movement: Orientalism

Text: Wikipedia


Posted: July 2019
Category: Painting

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