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Pieter Bruegel the Elder

Landscape & Memory

1557–1566

Pieter Bruegel (also Brueghel or Breughel) the Elder (c. 1525–1530 – 9 September 1569) was the most significant artist of Dutch and Flemish Renaissance painting, a painter and printmaker from Brabant, known for his landscapes and peasant scenes (so-called genre painting); he was a pioneer in making both types of subject the focus in large paintings.

He was a formative influence on Dutch Golden Age painting and later painting in general in his innovative choices of subject matter, as one of the first generation of artists to grow up when religious subjects had ceased to be the natural subject matter of painting. He also painted no portraits, the other mainstay of Netherlandish art. After his training and travels to Italy, he returned in 1555 to settle in Antwerp, where he worked mainly as a prolific designer of prints for the leading publisher of the day. Only towards the end of the decade did he switch to make painting his main medium, and all his famous paintings come from the following period of little more than a decade before his early death, when he was probably in his early forties, and at the height of his powers.

As well as looking forwards, his art reinvigorates medieval subjects such as marginal drolleries of ordinary life in illuminated manuscripts, and the calendar scenes of agricultural labours set in landscape backgrounds, and puts these on a much larger scale than before, and in the expensive medium of oil painting. He does the same with the fantastic and anarchic world developed in Renaissance prints and book illustrations.

Landscape & Memory
The Tower of Babel, 1563
Landscape & Memory
The Harvesters, 1565
Landscape & Memory
The Procession to Calvary, 1564
Landscape & Memory
Gloomy Day (February), 1565
Landscape & Memory
Landscape with the Flight into Egypt, 1563
Landscape & Memory
Children's Games, 1560
Landscape & Memory
The Hunters in the Snow, 1565
Landscape & Memory
The Census at Bethlehem, 1566
Landscape & Memory
Parable of the Sower, 1557
Landscape & Memory
Winter Landscape with (Skaters and) a Bird Trap, 1565
Location: Earth
Movement: Dutch and Flemish Renaissance

Text: Wikipedia


Posted: December 2019
Category: Painting

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