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Bernardo Bellotto

Cityscape

1743–1778

Bernardo Bellotto, (c. 1721/2 or 30 January 1721 – 17 November 1780), was an Italian urban landscape painter or vedutista, and printmaker in etching famous for his vedute of European cities (Dresden, Vienna, Turin and Warsaw). He was the pupil and nephew of the famous Giovanni Antonio Canal Canaletto and sometimes used the latter’s illustrious name, signing himself as Bernardo Canaletto. In Germany and Poland, Bellotto called himself by his uncle’s name, Canaletto.

Bellotto’s style was characterized by elaborate representation of architectural and natural vistas, and by the specific quality of each place’s lighting. It is plausible that Bellotto, and other Venetian masters of vedute, may have used the camera obscura in order to achieve superior precision of urban views.

Bellotto’s early work bears strong features of his uncle’s style, becoming more individual and distinguished in later years with clear inspiration of Dutch landscape painting with massed clouds, cast shadows and rich foliage. His colouring is colder and characterized by a steely grey.

The last period of the artist’s work is assessed as distinct from the earlier stages with emphasis on the immediacy of observation, striving for a generic treatment of staffage, ability to capture the atmosphere of the place and visible transformation of his painting which become more colorful with warmer tones. For the first time he also undertook historical subjects including Election of Stanislaus Augustus (1778) for the King and Entry of Jerzy Ossoliński into Rome in 1633 (1779) commissioned by Józef Maksymilian Ossoliński. Bellotto created a school of painting which was later continued and developed by Zygmunt Vogel and Marcin Zaleski.

Cityscape
View of Pirna from the Sonnenstein Castle, c.1750
Cityscape
Capriccio with a River and Bridge, c.1745
Cityscape
Church of the Holy Cross in Warsaw, 1778
Cityscape
View of the Grand Canal: Santa Maria della Salute and the Dogana from Campo Santa Maria Zobenigo, c.1743
Cityscape
Vienna, Dominican Church, c.1760
Cityscape
View of Dresden with the Frauenkirche at Left, 1747
Cityscape
Dresden from the Right Bank of the Elbe below the Augustus Bridge, c.1750
Cityscape
The Ruins of the old Kreuzkirche, Dresden, 1765
Cityscape
View of Vienna from Belvedere, c.1760
Cityscape
Neumarkt in Dresden, 1747
Cityscape
Vue de Pirna du Château de Sonnenstein, c.1750
Cityscape
Il Castello Sforzesco, Milano, c.1744
Location: Europe
Movement: Veduta

Text: Wikipedia


Posted: August 2019
Category: Painting

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